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Characteristics and Formation Mechanisms of Welding Defects in Underwater Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy
Zhang HJ(张会杰); Liu HJ(刘会杰)
Department空间自动化技术研究室
Source PublicationMetallography, Microstructure, and Analysis
ISSN2192-9262
2012
Volume1Issue:6Pages:269-281
Indexed ByEI
EI Accession number20131016083483
Contribution Rank1
KeywordAluminum Welding Light Microscopy
AbstractUnderwater friction stir welding (FSW) has been demonstrated to be a promising method for strength improvement of heat-treatable aluminum alloy joints. However, when improper welding parameters are utilized, welding defects, such as voids can be produced in the joints, leading to dramatically deteriorated mechanical properties. Thus to obtain high-quality underwater joints, it is necessary to understand the variables that promote the formation of these defects. In this study, the characteristics of welding defects in underwater joints were examined, and the formation mechanisms of the defects were investigated by analyzing the material flow patterns during underwater FSW. The results indicated that welding defects can occur at both low- and high-rotation speeds (HRS). The defects formed at HRS can be divided into two types according to the welding speed. When a HRS and a low welding speed are chosen, the material beneath the tool shoulder tends to be extruded into the pin stirred zone (PSZ) after flowing back to the advancing side. This results in a turbulent flow condition, creating void defects in the PSZ. When a high welding speed is coupled with the HRS, a large amount of material from the thermo-mechanically affected zone is dragged into the pin hole, which causes the material of the shoulder stirred zone to fill the pin hole in a downward flow direction. This leads to turbulent flow in PSZ, and creates voids or even groove defects in the as-welded joints.
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/10297
Collection空间自动化技术研究室
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001, China
2.State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang HJ,Liu HJ. Characteristics and Formation Mechanisms of Welding Defects in Underwater Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy[J]. Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis,2012,1(6):269-281.
APA Zhang HJ,&Liu HJ.(2012).Characteristics and Formation Mechanisms of Welding Defects in Underwater Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy.Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis,1(6),269-281.
MLA Zhang HJ,et al."Characteristics and Formation Mechanisms of Welding Defects in Underwater Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy".Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis 1.6(2012):269-281.
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