SIA OpenIR  > 空间自动化技术研究室
 基于距离误差的机器人运动学参数标定方法 Alternative Title Kinematic calibration method of robots based on distance error 高文斌; 王洪光; 姜勇; 潘新安 Department 空间自动化技术研究室 Source Publication 机器人 ISSN 1002-0446 2013 Volume 35Issue:5Pages:600-606 Indexed By EI ; CSCD EI Accession number 20140317203613 CSCD ID CSCD:4953753 Contribution Rank 1 Funding Organization 国家自然科学基金资助项目(60905048);; 机器人学国家重点实验室自主课题(RLZ200802) Keyword 机器人 指数积法 距离误差 参数标定 Abstract 根据指数积公式中关节旋量坐标的理论值和实际值之间的伴随变换关系,将机器人运动学方程改写成包含有关节约束条件的等价形式.对运动学方程取微分得到末端连杆定位误差与关节旋量误差及零位位置误差间的线性化模型.利用距离精度的定义给出了指数积形式的机器人距离误差模型,避免了标定过程中坐标测量结果从测量设备坐标系向机器人基础坐标系变换带来的误差.基于最小二乘法给出了一种机器人运动学参数标定模型.采用激光跟踪仪作为测量手段完成了一种5自由度机械臂运动学参数标定实验.测试结果表明,经过参数标定在随机产生的测试点上机器人距离误差的平均值降低了近3.5倍. Other Abstract According to the adjoint transformation relationship between the theoretical and actual values of joint twists in the product of exponential (POE) formula, the robot’s kinematics equation is transformed into an equivalent form including the joint constraints. The linearized equation describing the relationship between the positioning errors of the end-link and the errors in the joint twists and in the zero position is obtained by differentiating the kinematic equation. With the definition of distance accuracy, the robot’s distance error model is set up in POE form, which can avoid the coordinate transformation error from measurement equipment coordinate system to robot’s base coordinate system. A kinematic calibration model of robots is presented based on the least-squares method. Finally, a kinematic parameters calibration experiment of a 5-DOF (degree of freedom) manipulator is completed with the help of a laser tracker. The testing result shows that the mean value of the distance errors of the robot is reduced about 3.5 times on the testing points generated randomly after parameter calibration. Language 中文 Citation statistics Document Type 期刊论文 Identifier http://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/13977 Collection 空间自动化技术研究室 Affiliation 1.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所机器人学国家重点实验室2.中国科学院大学 Recommended CitationGB/T 7714 高文斌,王洪光,姜勇,等. 基于距离误差的机器人运动学参数标定方法[J]. 机器人,2013,35(5):600-606. APA 高文斌,王洪光,姜勇,&潘新安.(2013).基于距离误差的机器人运动学参数标定方法.机器人,35(5),600-606. MLA 高文斌,et al."基于距离误差的机器人运动学参数标定方法".机器人 35.5(2013):600-606.
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