We report here an approach to rapidly construct organized formations of micron-scale pillars from a thin polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film by optically induced electrohydrodynamic instability (OEHI). In OEHI, a heterogeneous electric field is induced across two thin fluidic layers by stimulating a photoconductive thin film in a parallel-plate capacitor configuration with visible light. We demonstrated that this OEHI method could control nucleation sites of pillars formed by electrohydrodynamic instability. To investigate this phenomenon, a tangential electric force component is assumed to have arisen from the surface polarization charge and is introduced into the traditional perfect dielectric model for PDMS films. Numerical simulation results showed that this tangential electric force played an important role in OEHI.