The utility model relates to an optical super-resolution dynamic imaging system based on a micro-lens modification probe. The dynamic imaging system comprises a scanning probe microscope and a micro-lens. The micro-lens is arranged on the probe of the scanning probe microscope. A sample stage is arranged on the nanopositioning mechanism of the scanning probe microscope. The optical microscope of the scanning probe microscope is located above the probe and the sample stage. The optical super-resolution dynamic imaging system can achieve optical super-resolution dynamic imaging observation, and solves the problem that a scanning-probe-type microscope carries out visual observation and positioning of a nano-object during the scanning imaging initial stage and the problem of real-time visual sense feedback the effectively, and therefore the efficiency of nano-observation and nano-operation is raised.