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题名:
机械臂D-H参数和减速比几何标定及误差补偿
其他题名: Geometrical Calibration and Error Compensation of D-H Parameters and Joint Reduction Ratios of Manipulator
作者: 刘辉; 李斌; 张国伟; 梁志达; 常健
作者部门: 机器人学研究室
通讯作者: 刘辉
关键词: 机械臂 ; 运动学参数 ; 减速比 ; 标定 ; 误差补偿
刊名: 计算机测量与控制
ISSN号: 1671-4598
出版日期: 2016
卷号: 24, 期号:1, 页码:269-272, 276
产权排序: 1
项目资助者: 国家科技支撑计划(2014BAK12B01)
摘要: 针对机械臂D-H参数和关节电机减速比不精确导致机械臂绝对定位精度降低的问题,提出了在利用几何分析标定机械臂D-H参数的基础上,通过分析关节实际旋转角度和相应电机编码器码值的线性关系,标定关节电机减速比的方法;针对关节角误差微分补偿法计算量大的缺点,通过推导机械臂末端位姿矩阵误差和关节角误差之间的微分关系建立误差模型,求解关节补偿角,避免了雅各比矩阵的求取,提高了计算效率;最后采用三维激光跟踪仪搭建测量系统,完成了一种6自由度机械臂的标定及补偿实验;实验结果表明,通过参数标定及误差补偿,机械臂的绝对定位误差均值从标定前的2.83mm和1.14°降低到0.54mm和0.24°,验证了方法的有效性。
英文摘要: To solve the problem that the inaccuracy of D-H model parameters and joint motor reduction ratios would reduce the absolute positioning accuracy of manipulator, proposed a solution based on the calibration of D-H model parameters with geometric analysis, and through analyzing the relationship between the actual joint rotation angle and the output value of the joint motor encoder, to calibrate the Joint motor reduction ratios. Counter the disadvantages of traditional joint angle error differential compensation method, by analyzing the differential relationship between pose matrix error of the end of manipulator and joint angle error to get joint compensation angle, the jacoby matrix calculation is avoided, and the calculation efficiency is improved. Finally, built a measurement system with 3Dlaser tracker, and accomplished the calibration and compensation experiment of a manipulator with 6degrees of freedom. Result of the experiment shows that through parameter calibration and compensation, the average value of the absolute positioning error of the manipulator are reduced to 0.54mm and 0.24°from the original 2.83mm and 1.14°,which verifies the validity of the method.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/17719
Appears in Collections:机器人学研究室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所机器人学国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学

Recommended Citation:
刘辉,李斌,张国伟,等. 机械臂D-H参数和减速比几何标定及误差补偿[J]. 计算机测量与控制,2016,24(1):269-272, 276.
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