Natural Science Foundation of China [61300194, 61300022, 61472072]
; National Basic Pre-research Program of China [2014CB360509]
; Opening Project of Key Laboratory of Networked Control Systems of Chinese Academy of Sciences
In the formal analysis of real-time systems, modeling of branching codes and modeling of intratask parallelism structures are two of the most important research topics. These two real-time properties are combined, resulting in the fork-join real-time task (FJRT) model, which extends the digraph-based task model with forking and joining semantics. We prove that the EDF schedulability problem on a preemptive uniprocessor for the FJRT model is coNP-hard in the strong sense, even if the utilization of the task system is bounded by a constant strictly less than 1. Then, we show that the problem becomes tractable with some slight structural restrictions on parallel sections, for which we propose an exact schedulability test with pseudo-polynomial time complexity. Our results thus establish a borderline between the tractable and intractable FJRT models.