National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [51405481, 61503258, 61522312]
We report a label-free approach toward the object of characterizing the self-rotational motions of red blood cells (RBCs) during storage under the optically-induced electrokinetics-based microfluidics mechanism. A theoretical analysis of the transmembrane potential across RBCs was performed getting a threshold voltage for keeping cellular biological integrity. Then, by investigation of the self-rotational behaviors of the individual RBCs in larger population, the RBCs that were stored more than three weeks statistically showed the distinctive self-rotational speed. Results verified that the self-rotational biomarkers of the RBCs could be used to label-free reckon the qualities of the stored RBCs in this kind of microfluidics chip. This finding may be further developed as a new criterion to real-time and label-free monitoring of the banked blood qualities, thereby diminishing the blood transfusion venture.