The research status and development trends for sensing and control technologies of industrial robot are objectively analyzed based on patent metrology methods in terms of development history, R&D layout, research hotspots and development venation. R&D problems existing in sensing and control technologies of industrial robot in China are discussed on the basis of Chinese patent activity analysis. The results show that the global research and application of sensing and control technologies of industrial robot are experiencing a period of rapid growth. Technical constitution of patents includes manipulators, sensing and control, welding and semiconductor devices, development venation centers on sensing and control devices and methods, and hot domains include mobile robots and multi-robot cooperation control. Most key technologies for sensing and control of industrial robot have been mastered by developed countries, while development and application of industrial robots in China is restricted by lacks of innovation, low transformation ration of scientific achievements, and weak ability in protection and utilization of intellectual property.