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改进的单次散射相函数解析表达式
其他题名Modified analytic expression for the single-scattering phase function
程晨; 史泽林; 崔生成; 徐青山
作者部门光电信息技术研究室
关键词散射 相函数 Henyey-greenstein相函数 新的henyey-greenstein相函数
发表期刊ACTA PHYSICA SINICA
ISSN1000-3290
2017
卷号66期号:18页码:1-12
收录类别SCI ; EI ; CSCD
EI收录号20174904486709
WOS记录号WOS:000412844500001
CSCD记录号CSCD:6123529
产权排序2
资助机构气象专项课题(批准号: GYHY201106002-03)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 41576185)资助的课题
摘要单次散射相函数对电磁辐射传输模拟过程的准确性和计算效率有重要的影响.基于电磁散射与辐射传输中的基本理论,对单次散射相函数的解析表达式进行了研究,提出了一种新的单次散射相函数解析表达式.比较了单个粒子的Henyey-Greenstein相函数、Henyey-Greenstein*相函数与新的相函数随角度的分布,发现新的散射相函数提高了后向散射峰值,可以更合理地描述单个粒子的散射特性.按三种气溶胶粒子谱分布模式计算了Henyey-Greenstein*相函数和新的相函数对应的数值结果,并与多分散系Mie散射相函数进行对比,发现新的相函数提高了与多分散系Mie散射相函数的符合程度.研究表明,对于大角度(大于90°)后向散射,新的相函数与Mie散射相函数均方根差较小的占73.3%,高于Henyey-Greenstein*相函数的26.7%,证明了新的相函数可以显著提高后向散射峰值.新的相函数对准确模拟辐射传输过程具有重要意义。
其他摘要In electromagnetic radiative transfer calculation, the accuracy and the computation time are usually determined by the representation of single-scattering phase function. Accurate calculation is time consuming even for spherical particle, thus, an analytic representation is commonly adopted to approximate the exact phase function and then accelerate the calculation. Most widely used single-scattering phase functions are the Henyey-Greenstein phase function and modified Henyey-Greenstein phase function (Henyey-Greenstein*). Although the Henyey-Greenstein phase function and the Henyey-Greenstein* phase function can represent the forward-scattering peak of Mie-scattering phase function well, they fail to reproduce the backscattering behavior, limiting the accuracy of the calculation. In order to better fit exact calculations and simulate the backward-scattering peak, we develop a new analytic expression based on the fundamental theory of electromagnetic scattering and radiation transmission. This phase function is an algebraic expression with one single free parameter (asymmetry factor), and can be expanded into Legendre polynomials. The new phase function converges to the Rayleigh phase function when the asymmetry factor approximates to 0, and it can approach to the Henyey-Greenstein phase function as the asymmetry factor is about 1. We compare the Henyey-Greenstein phase function, the Henyey-Greenstein* phase function, and the new phase function for different asymmetry factors, and find that the new phase function provides a more realistic description for the unpolarized light scattering from small particles. Furthermore, the calculated value for the ratio of the scattering intensity at 90 degree to that in the backward direction is more reasonable. We also investigate the effectiveness by approximating the scattering from polydispersed particles through comparing the new phase function, the Henyey-Greenstein* phase function, and the Mie-scattering phase function for three types of Derimendjian's polydispersions. Results show that the new phase function fits the Mie-scattering phase function much better than the Henyey-Greenstein* phase function. For the new phase function, the root-mean-square error is small for 73.3% data. By contrast, only 26.7% data fit the Mie-scattering phase function well for the Henyey-Greenstein* phase function. Similarly, the effectiveness of new function is most significant when calculating the ratio of the scattering intensity at 90 degree to that in the backward direction. In summary, the new Henyey-Greenstein* phase function provides a more accurate calculation for the scattering intensity in the backward direction, and is conducive to electromagnetic radiative transfer calculation. Furthermore, because the proposed phase function has the same basic form as the Heny-Greenstein phase function, reformatting radiative transfer model in terms of the new phase function should require relatively little effort.
语种中文
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS类目Physics, Multidisciplinary
关键词[WOS]ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL
WOS研究方向Physics
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/21084
专题光电信息技术研究室
通讯作者徐青山
作者单位1.中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所中国科学院大气成分与光学重点实验室
2.中国科学技术大学研究生院科学岛分院
3.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所
推荐引用方式
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程晨,史泽林,崔生成,等. 改进的单次散射相函数解析表达式[J]. ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,2017,66(18):1-12.
APA 程晨,史泽林,崔生成,&徐青山.(2017).改进的单次散射相函数解析表达式.ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,66(18),1-12.
MLA 程晨,et al."改进的单次散射相函数解析表达式".ACTA PHYSICA SINICA 66.18(2017):1-12.
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