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基于深度图像与三维栅格离线映射的机械臂环境建模方法
Alternative TitleEnvironment modelling method for manipulator robot based offline-mapping between depth image and octoMap
李英立1,2,3; 赵忆文1,2; 王争1,2; 张道辉1,2; 赵新刚1,2
Department机器人学研究室
Source Publication控制与决策
ISSN1001-0920
2019
Pages1-10
Contribution Rank1
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(U1508208) ; 机器人学国家重点实验室自主课题(2017-Z09)
Keyword环境建模 深度图像 三维栅格 多传感器融合 离线映射 人机安全
Abstract为确保动态非结构化环境中人、机器人、环境三者的安全,提出一种基于深度图像与三维栅格离线映射的机械臂环境建模方法.该方法分为离线映射与在线更新两个步骤.离线映射首先将机器人工作空间划分成三维栅格,然后利用标定得到的RGB-D相机内外参数矩阵离线计算深度图像与三维栅格之间的映射关系并保存;在线更新是利用帧差法和查询离线映射表的方式更新三维栅格中的环境信息.为全面描述机器人的工作空间,文章还进一步扩展了此方法,提出了多传感器信息融合以及从环境模型中滤除机械臂本体的方法.整套环境建模方法具有描述能力强、模型精度一致、可实现多传感器信息融合以及可在线更新的优点.最后,分别通过仿真实验、基于两个Kinect相机和7自由度KUKA ⅡWA机械臂的实际建模与末端避障实验,验证了所提方法的有效性.
Other AbstractIn human-robot interaction process, to ensure the safety of human, robots and environment in a dynamic non-structured environment, this article presents a new environment modelling method for the manipulator robot using offline-mapping between the depth image and OctoMap. This method includes a two-stage procedure: offline mapping and online updating. In the first stage, we discretize the workspace of the robot into cells and save it as a OctoMap, then get and save the offline-mapping between pixels of depth image and cells of OctoMap using intrinsic and extrinsic matrixes of the RGB-D camera. In the second stage, the OctoMap is updated by the adjacent frame substraction and lookup to the offline-mapping. Furthermore, to fully describe the robot’s workspace, data fusion of multi-RGB-D cameras and robotbody- filtering based on this mehtod are also shown in this paper. The proposed method has the advantages of powerful description ability, consistent and high accuracy, multi-sensor data fusion ability and easily online updating. Finally, the validity of this approach is demonstrated using simulations, modelling and the obstacle avoidance experiment for the flange which was conducted by using a 7-DOF KUKA IIWA manipulator and the Kinect sensor.
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/24404
Collection机器人学研究室
Corresponding Author赵忆文
Affiliation1.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所机器人学国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院机器人与智能制造创新研究院
3.中国科学院大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李英立,赵忆文,王争,等. 基于深度图像与三维栅格离线映射的机械臂环境建模方法[J]. 控制与决策,2019:1-10.
APA 李英立,赵忆文,王争,张道辉,&赵新刚.(2019).基于深度图像与三维栅格离线映射的机械臂环境建模方法.控制与决策,1-10.
MLA 李英立,et al."基于深度图像与三维栅格离线映射的机械臂环境建模方法".控制与决策 (2019):1-10.
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