Some present reports for the treatments of wastewater containing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) were summarized. The characteristics of these technologies were discussed, respectively, and the development trend of wastewater containing PVA treatment technology was forecasted. Pollution emissions should be reduced by source control of pollutant discharge. Terminal treatment should be adapted to local conditions according to actual water quality. With biochemical method as the main method, combined with physical and chemical method and advanced treatment, the demand of PVA recovery and middle water reuse would be met. Combination process treatment was the mainstream direction.