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气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人控制方法研究现状概述
Alternative TitleOverview of control methods for pneumatic artificial muscle-actuated robots
梁定坤1,2,3; 陈轶珩1,3; 孙宁1,3; 吴易鸣1,3; 刘连庆2; 方勇纯1,3
Department机器人学研究室
Source Publication控制与决策
ISSN1001-0920
2020
Pages1-15
Contribution Rank2
Funding Organization辽宁省教育厅新型智库项目“基于政府视角下的军民融合技术合作激励机制演化博弈分析”(YJT19015) ; 国家自然科学基金(面上项目)“面向柔性化生产的自调整工业网络关键技术研究”(62972389) ; 辽宁省社科联经济社会发展研究课题“基于政府视角下的军民融合技术创新激励机制演化博弈分析研究”(2020lslktqn-055)
Keyword柔性机器人 气动人工肌肉 气动执行器 仿生关节 气动自动控制 迟滞补偿
Abstract

随着机器人技术的飞速发展,传统的执行器(如电机、液压驱动等)结构繁冗、体积庞大,越来越难以满足新一代智能机器人对轻质化与柔顺性的需求.因此,具有更高柔顺性、更强安全性的气动人工肌肉日益受到广大学者的关注.气动人工肌肉结构简单、材料轻便、生物适应性好,在医疗康复、航空航天、水下作业、抢险救灾等领域均具有良好的适应性,可方便地用于驱动机器人完成多项复杂任务.然而,气动人工肌肉与生俱来的迟滞、高度非线性、蠕变等特性,为其驱动的柔性机器人精准智能控制带来了挑战.本文首先对气动人工肌肉的工作原理、优势缺陷、建模与应用现状等进行简要介绍.随后,基于气动肌肉的主流模型,对近年来单、多气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人运动控制方法研究现状与最新进展进行重点阐述.最后,根据当今研究现状与尚未解决的难题,简要分析气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人未来发展趋势.

Other Abstract

With the rapid development of robotics, it is more and more difficult for traditional actuators with redundant structures and large sizes (e.g., motors, hydraulic actuators, etc.) to meet the needs of lightweight and flexibility for the new generation of intelligent robots. Hence, pneumatic artificial muscle (PAM) actuators with higher flexibility and safety have been attracting more and more attention in recent years. The PAM is simple in structure, light in material, and good in biological adaptability. It has good adaptability in medical rehabilitation, aerospace, underwater operations, emergency relief and other fields, which can be easily used to actuate robots to complete a number of complex tasks. However, PAMs have inherent hysteresis, high nonlinearities, and creep characteristics, which bring challenges for accurate dynamic modeling and controller design for flexible robots actuated by PAMs. In this paper, first, we briefly introduce the PAM’s working principle, advantages and disadvantages, modeling methods, and related applications. Then, based on the mainstream model of PAMs, the research status and latest progress of motion control methods for single and multi-PAM-driven robot in recent years are emphatically described. Finally, according to the current research progress and unsolved issues, future development trends of flexible robots driven by PAMs are summarized.

Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/27682
Collection机器人学研究室
Corresponding Author孙宁
Affiliation1.南开大学人工智能学院机器人与信息自动化研究所
2.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所机器人学国家重点实验室
3.南开大学天津市智能机器人技术重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
梁定坤,陈轶珩,孙宁,等. 气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人控制方法研究现状概述[J]. 控制与决策,2020:1-15.
APA 梁定坤,陈轶珩,孙宁,吴易鸣,刘连庆,&方勇纯.(2020).气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人控制方法研究现状概述.控制与决策,1-15.
MLA 梁定坤,et al."气动人工肌肉驱动的机器人控制方法研究现状概述".控制与决策 (2020):1-15.
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