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题名: 制造系统性能分析与综合评价方法研究
其他题名: Research on Performance Modeling and Evaluation of Manufacturing System
作者: 吕毅
导师: 薛劲松 ; 高展
分类号: TP166
关键词: 制造系统 ; 制造过程 ; 过程建模 ; 性能建模 ; 性能分析 ; 性能评价 ; 性能管理
索取号: TH166/L93/2003
学位专业: 机械电子工程
学位类别: 博士
答辩日期: 2003-07-07
授予单位: 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所
学位授予地点: 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所
作者部门: 先进制造技术研究室
中文摘要: 制造系统的性能是制造系统优化的目标,制造系统性能分析、评价和管理的根本目的是改进制造系统的性能。制造系统的性能分析和性能综合评价研究历来是先进制造技术研究的两个基本问题。多年来,这项研究工作得到学术界和企业界的广泛重视。近几年由于先进制造技术的引入,以及制造企业在市场竞争中的迫切需求,制造系统性能的研究又在发达国家,尤其在欧洲和美国掀起了研究热潮。 在国家自然科学重大项目研究基金、863/CIMS和中国科学院先进制造基地项目的支持下,开展了基于活动、面向过程的制造系统性能分析和性能综合评价的深入研究。 为了从根本上解决现阶段制造系统性能分析、性能评价和性能管理三方面研究和应用相对独立、联系不紧的实际情况,本论文以制造系统性能建模分析为性能综合评价的基础,以持续改进制造系统性能为目的,总结现有制造系统分析、评价和管理的成果,首次提出了制造系统性能建模分析、性能综合评价和性能管理的一体化研究应用框架。为制造系统性能分析、性能综合评价和性能管理的研究提供了一种新的研究思路和方法。 全面归纳和总结了制造系统的特点,提出了制造系统性能研究的概念模型和基于活动、面向过程的制造系统性能分析和评价方法。该模型和方法突出了制造系统性能分析和评价的重点,抓住了制造系统性能分析和评价要解决的主要问题,强调了制造系统的本质是资源转换过程,用系统观点和方法分析、评价和管理制造系统这个资源转换过程的性能,这是一种全新制造系统性能分析、评价和管理的研究方法。 制造活动和过程性能的形式化建模分析是对制造系统性能进行定量和定性分析的基础。现有的大多数过程性能建模研究集中在静态过程模型和仿真模型分析,缺少对制造系统时间(Time)、成本(Cost)、质量Quality(TCQ)等关键性能的形式化建模分析。本论文给出了制造活动和过程的形式化定义,提出具有一定创新内容的过程性能量化的六个子过程计算规则和基于该规则的制造系统 TCQ 性能计算的数学模型。给出了基于活动、面向过程的制造系统TCQ性能定量计算的递归计算算法,在一定程度上解决了形式化计算制造系统TCQ性能问题,为制造系统性能实时分析、评价、优化和管理打下了基础。 现有的制造系统性能综合评价缺少基于活动、面向过程制造系统性能评价体系的研究,本论文提出了基于活动、面向过程的制造系统性能指标属性层次结构。在这个层次结构基础上,首次提出了一个三维空间的制造系统性能评价指标体系模型。在该性能评价指标体系模型的指导下,可以进行有效的基于活动、面向过程的制造系统性能综合评价,从而解决了制造系统性能建模分析和综合评价的集成问题。给出了制造系统性能综合评价指标分解、综合的方法和制造系统性能指标体系的构造方法。 最后,给出了一个典型的基于活动、面向过程制造系统性能建模分析的制造系统性能综合评价的实例,提出一个制造系统性能建模分析和性能综合评价的性能管理模型,把相关理论研究结果用于实例。
英文摘要: The performance of manufacture system is the optimization target of manufacture system. The performance analysis, evaluation and management are to improve the performance of manufacture system. The performance analysis, and comprehensive evaluation have been the two basic subjects of advanced manufacture technology (AMT). The enterprise and academia have attached much significance to this study. For recent years, due to the introduction of advanced technology and the manufacture enterprise needs to compete in the market, the upsurge of this study is set off in the developed countries, especially, the Europe and the United States. Supported by the important project research fund of the country’s natural science, 863/CIMS and the supporting project of the advanced manufacture fund of the Science Academy of China, the further study about manufacture-system based performance analysis and performance comprehensive evaluation has been carried out. In order to improve the existing relative separation, namely, not well connected, in the following three aspects: existing manufacture performance analysis, comprehensive evaluation and performance management, the dissertation, on the basis of the performance modeling analysis set up comprehensive evaluation of the manufacturing performance, continuous improvement of manufacture performance as its aim, summaries the achievements in the manufacture analysis, evaluation and management, and for the first time, puts forward the whole applied research framework of manufacture performance modeling, analysis, comprehensive evaluation and management. It provides the organic whole research in performance analysis, comprehensive evaluation, and performance management with a new thought and new method. The characteristics of the manufacture system are summed up and method of performance analysis and evaluation, which meets the needs of manufacture system, and is adopted to study the manufacture performance concept model. The model and the method, laying stress on the key points of performance modeling and grasping the important problem, which needs solving in its study, emphasizing that the nature of manufacture performance means the process to transfer recourses, at the same time, it analyzes, evaluate, and manages the performance of recourse-transferring process by system analysis method. This is novel research method of performance analysis, evaluation and management. The formalization modeling analysis of manufacture activity and process is the qualitative and quantitative analysis base of the performance. Most of process modeling study focuses on static process modeling and simulation modeling analysis, and lacks in analyzing formalization modeling, especially the key performance such as time, cost quality, etc. This dissertation defines manufacture activity and process formally, puts forward a sub-process of six simplified rules of process quantitative analysis, which, to some degree, embodies newly created content. This dissertation put forward the mathematical formulae for calculating the following performance: time, cost, quality and recursion simplified method to counting time, cost and quantity, and solved the formalization calculating of time, cost and quality for manufacturing system. This lays foundation for implementing analysis, evaluation, optimum, and management of performance of manufacturing system. The existing study in manufacture performance pays little attention to the process of evaluation system of manufacture performance, so this dissertation presents the activity based and process oriented that is directed at the index attribute of performance of manufacturing system. On the basis of this the dimensional, comprehensive evaluation modeling of performance of manufacture system, for the first time, is presented. Under the guidance of this modeling analysis and comprehension evaluation can be carried on effectively. In this way this integrated problem of performance modeling analysis and comprehensive evaluation is settled. The index decomposition and index synthesis of manufacture performance is put forward, so is the construction method of the index system. Finally This dissertation presents management model on basis of performance modeling analysis and performance comprehensive evaluation for manufacturing system, and as the research result, applying the relating theory to practice, the typical case of performance modeling analysis and performance comprehensive evaluation is and put forward.
语种: 中文
产权排序: 1
内容类型: 学位论文
URI标识: http://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/9580
Appears in Collections:工业信息学研究室_先进制造技术研究室_学位论文

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Recommended Citation:
吕毅.制造系统性能分析与综合评价方法研究.[博士学位论文].中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所.2003
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